Mitragyna Speciosa Korth is a plant. It’s a member of the Rubiaceae family, which also includes coffee. It’s a tropical tree indigenous to the South East Asian region. This 4 – 16-meter-high tree was originally in New Guinea and the Philippines. Since then, we know it is also in other regions like Thailand. In Thailand, Mitragyna Speciosa also goes by Kratom. Today, Kratom or Mitragyna Speciosa is popular all over the world for its potential benefits which we will expand on later.
Traditionally, kratom leaves (dried or fresh) are chewed or made into tea and not smoked. Grinding kratom into a powder form is common, as is adding the powder to capsules. At low doses, Kratom provides stimulating effects and works great when combatting fatigue during work hours. At even higher doses, it may have sedating effects making it useful for users looking to relax or alleviate stress.
Within Mitragyna Speciosa, there are over 40 structurally related alkaloids, multiple flavonoids, terpenoid saponins, glycosides and various polyphenols. These isolated phytochemicals are responsible for Kratom’s effect on the body. Of these compounds, the major components found in the leaves are mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, both found only in Mitragyna speciosa.
Expanding the Molecular structure of Mitragynine
Known as the alkaloid with the largest presence found within Mitragyna Speciosa. It was first discovered in 1921, and its chemical structure was fully understood in 1964.
Mitragynine does not dissolve in water but it dissolves when placed in other organic solvents including but not limited to alcohols, acetic acid, acetone, chloroform and diethyl ether providing fluorescent solutions. This compound distils at 230–240 °C at 5 mmHg and it creates white, amorphous crystals that melt at 102–106 °C. The melting point of mitragynine hydrochloric acid salt is 243°C; the picrate melts at 223–224 °C and the acetate at 142 °C.
Expanding the Molecular structure of 7-Hydroxymitragynine
This compound was identified in 1993 and its molecular formula is C23H30N2O5 and its molecular weight is 414.50 g/mol.
Benefits of Mitragyna Speciosa (Kratom):
There are multiple benefits that may come taking Kratom, these include the following:
- it may reduce your anxiety level:
Mitragyna Speciosa may be helpful for those dealing with stress. It does this by its mitragynine compound which calms the brain nerves down. Mitragynine interacts with opioid receptors in the brain. It has calming properties with few side effects and it allows you to stay calm and remain relaxed throughout the day. In addition to this, Mitragynine hits your body immediately creating instant relief once it gets to your system.
- It may relieve discomfort:
Mitragynine has opioid-like properties and this makes Mitragyna Speciosa very unique to helping discomfort. Certain Kratom strains in particular have unusually high number of alkaloids and these enhance its analgesic properties and making it an excellent way to reduce discomfort. A better way to put it, may be this. It may work like a painkiller, but without any of the negative side effects they may possess.
- It may act as a mood alleviator:
Finally, Mitragyna Speciosa may also have soothing properties which help to reduce your stress levels, improves your energy levels, and function as an antidepressant. It also provides support to users dealing with discomfort or looking for help with their mood.