The use of Kratom has taken the world by storm. While users around the globe revere Kratom for its many therapeutic benefits, they are often skeptical about its potential side effects and health risks. One primary cause of concern is dehydration. Something you must have come across on the internet or heard from friends. Below, we have compiled evidence-based research on what Kratom dehydration is, its causes, symptoms, and prevention, as well as when you should consult a medical professional.
What Is Kratom Dehydration?
Kratom-induced dehydration is a real side effect that regular Kratom users often experience. According to MedLinePlus, dehydration is defined as a condition where your body loses too much fluid and does not retain enough to function properly.
In severe cases, this can impact the functioning of vital organs and can become life-threatening.
The following groups of people are more at risk of dehydration:
- Older people
- Young children
- People with chronic illnesses
- People suffering from other underlying medical conditions
- Pregnant and Nursing Women
- Individuals who take medicines that cause them to sweat or urinate excessively.
Why Does Kratom Cause Dehydration?
Although dehydration can occur for many reasons, certain drugs and substances tend to heighten the risk of dehydration, and unfortunately, Kratom is one of them.
While there is limited scientific research on Kratom dehydration specifically, evidence suggests that it is a commonly reported side effect by regular Kratom users.
Wondering why the substance causes dehydration in the first place?
A 2017 Study, Evaluating the hematological and clinical-chemistry parameters of kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) users in Malaysia stated that “Kratom causes dehydration in the body precisely because it has diuretic effects. Kratom has diuretic effects, which cause water to be released from the body. Such effects could lead to frequent urination, dry mouth, and dehydration.” This ultimately proves that Mitragayna promotes the removal of water through urine and sweat, leaving the user dehydrated.
Symptoms Of Kratom Dehydration
So how do you detect Kratom Dehydration? If you are a regular Kratom user, it is crucial to stay informed about the symptoms of dehydration.
Not sure whether you are dehydrated or what? Here are some warning signs you may be experiencing Kratom-induced dehydration:
- Excessive thirst
- Dark yellow and strong-smelling urine
- Lesser urine and sweat than normal
- Dry, flaky skin
- Dry mouth
- Dry lips and eyes
- Lethargy or low energy levels throughout the day
- Urinating lesser than four times a day
Besides, those who habitually consume alcohol, sweat excessively during exercise, or have consumed diuretic substances are also likely to suffer from the condition.
Kratom Dehydration In Light of The Recent Research
A 2021 Study published by the Research Gate, Adverse Health Effects of Kratom: An Analysis of Social Media Data conducted a comprehensive social media analysis of side effects reported by Kratom users. They found that Kratom was associated with several health issues, including dehydration, constipation, loss of appetite/weight, and dry mouth.
26% of users reported multiple side effects, with dehydration, dry mouth, heartburn, and loss of libido being the most prevalent.
Another study conducted by the University of Rochester Medical Center also explored in-depth the adverse side effects of Kratom. The findings of this Research were in-line and in agreement with the previous studies.
Results revealed that negative side effects were quite rare and largely dose-dependent. The analysis also highlighted that less than 1% of users sought professional medical or mental help related to Kratom consumption.
The study further confirmed that the risk of adverse side effects (including dehydration) increased with higher Kratom doses.
Dosages of at least 5 g and frequency of about 22 times per week were more likely to cause unwanted side effects (reported by around 20% of the 3024 participants). These side effects were majorly gastrointestinal, such as constipation and nausea.
Other commonly reported side effects were dehydration, excessive thirst, vomiting, headache, watery eyes, weight loss, and insomnia.
A significant number of Kratom users also reported that the plant enhanced their health and boosted the immune system in ways they deemed unachievable (and with lesser side effects) than other medicines or pharmaceuticals.
Overall, the study concluded that Kratom consumption is essentially low-risk for the majority of people.
Dehydration And The Reddit Community
Let’s read what our fellow Reddit members have to share about Kratom Dehydration:
On a sub-eddit forum, a member shared her experience “I literally have to drink 3 bottles of water after every kratom dose which is 4-5 times a day. It’s crazy how much water I have to drink.”
Another one, advised to have some powdered Gatorade and concentrate it. “It helps me a lot! I also slam glasses of water every hour. But, the electrolytes I get from that stuff KEEPS the headaches away! Still, though, DRINK LOTS OF WATER!” he added.
Leaf of Life Botanics commented: When we all started nobody knew hardly anything about it, it just came through accidentally finding that out. My doctor told me that I have to drink a ton of water for kidney health as I was dehydrated. And ultimately (3-4 days) experienced an increase in effectiveness. Also felt better overall no doubt about that. It is however quite a task to stay on top of it.
How To Prevent Kratom Dehydration
While mild dehydration can occur because of excessive sweating, hot weather, or Kratom use, it is still essential for Kratom users to keep an eye out for the warning signs. The best way to prevent Kratom dehydration is to understand its causes and symptoms and ensure you know how to counter it.
You will be glad to know that you can easily manage mild dehydration at home. Just follow the tips mentioned below and see the magic:
Say No To Other Diuretics
Avoid consuming other diuretic substances (such as alcohol and caffeinated drinks) alongside Kratom, as this can heighten the risk of Kratom dehydration.
Limit The Kratom Intake
Lower your daily Kratom dosage if the side effects are worsening. If you are severely dehydrated, lay off Kratom for a while or until you recover.
Increase Water Consumption
Drink plenty of water. The recommended amount for women is 11.5 cups of water or 92 ounces daily. For men, the recommended quantity is 15.5 cups or 124 ounces.
Depending on your activity level and your environment, you might have to increase your water intake beyond this level.
Set A Water Regimen
No, we aren’t asking you to drink large amounts of water all at once. Instead, keep a thermos with you and take small sips throughout the day.
If you have trouble drinking the recommended amount of water daily, try setting up alarms as reminders. You can keep a water bottle in every room/place you stay to further help you.
And, most importantly, don’t wait till you feel thirsty- drink even when you might not feel like you have to.
Opt For Water Alternatives
We know for many of you, the bland taste of water doesn’t appeal.
In that case, you must consider adding water or juices whenever there is a high risk of water loss. For example, when you exercise or have vomiting or diarrhea. Besides, you can also add lemon or fruit to your water to make it easier and palatable to consume.
Switch To A Healthy Diet
Maintain a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Fruits such as watermelon, honeydew, and other melons have high water content and are great for preventing dehydration.
Consume Foods High In Water Content
Add more liquids into your diet, including soups, coconut water, broths, smoothies, juices, and milk. Consume more electrolytes or sports drinks, especially while you’re exercising. You can even take diluted electrolyte tablets or powders. Watermelon, cantaloupe, and even grapes have high water content!
When You Should See A Doctor?
Excessive water loss and dehydration can severely affect your health and should not be taken lightly.
If you are taking all precautions and the symptoms persist, then immediately stop taking Kratom. Remember, excessive dehydration can have serious consequences, including kidney failure, shock, coma, seizures, and brain swelling.
Consult a medical professional. This is especially important if you live with any chronic illnesses, diabetes, or suffering from frequent diarrhea.
Your doctor can recommend oral rehydration sachets or other treatments to restore your body’s water levels and further guide you on managing your Kratom dose.
If you are a regular Kratom user, it is important that you must stay well aware of its secondary impact. Dehydration is one unwanted effect of using the herb. The above article provided excellent research on the topic.
While further scientific research on Kratom-induced dehydration is needed, it is clear that dehydration is a common side effect, occurring more in individuals who regularly consume higher dosages.
Moderation Is The Key!
It is therefore imperative for Kratom users to manage their dose. Besides, we have shared some amazing tips to fight the side effects. Make sure you introduce the necessary lifestyle changes to avert the risk of dehydration.
Also, if you have any other tips to share, feel free to do so in the comments below.